Philadelphia has experienced quantitative changes during the past century. The population of the city nearly tripled during the mid-1800s, however this was almost entirely due to an influx of Irish, Germans and Slavic immigrants.
In the last half of the 19th century, the city’s population began to include a concentration of African-Americans from southwestern Pennsylvania and Benjamin Franklin’s National Strip. These population groups worked together to drive out the Irish Establishment and Ben Franklin moved the capital of Philadelphia to better serve the urban needs, effectively ending samba in the city.
In the early 1900s, the federal government directed that Philadelphia change its charter from a “free city” to a “city in progress,” forcing all cities to have a growth plan. This “state of the city” plan was designed to combat the notorious crime, poor conditions andAlmost weekly riots” that were erupting all over the place.
The state of the city was expected to progress from aansen city to a major metropolis. This was caused by the combination of two major forces, the need for more housing and a strong workforce, and the traditional predictability of federal urban growth.
During the Great Depression, the federal government estimated urban planning and urban growth, mostly in permanently disadvantaged areas. In the mid 1930’s, however, things changed. When Franklin Roosevelt launched the Urban Youth Act, there were several agencies including the DepEd, HUD, and theAudit Bureau helping cities and states prepare for brownfield sites, or those sites where displaced residents had taken up jobs installing or repairing infrastructure.
The Audit Bureau may be the most interesting group in the National Capital Region. They were created in 1916 as part of the National Advisory Board on Geographic Information Systems, or GNIS. The Board had been transferred from the U.S. Department of State to the Department of Transportation, whose job it continued. In 1932, theAgency was renamed the Federal Highway Administration, or FHA. It began maintaining and administering flood insurance programs, including the National Flood Insurance Program, which was later called the Federal Flood Hazard Insurance Program.
In1938, the Federal Civil Works Administration, or FCA, began constructing flood plain protection along the coastal areas ofAtlantic City, New Jersey and Atlantic Beach, New Jersey. The Federal Emergency Management Agency, or FEMA, also was assigned to help local authorities manage emergency construction and maintenance projects. This mostly focused on hotels and impacted Philadelphia Hospitality designer industry. In addition, it wasoned to acquire land to establish new camps as well as to reconstruct some existing camp sites.
In 1942, the Office of Emergency Planning and Defense Management (OEPD) dispatched a team of geotechnical technologists to provide appraisals for flood plain protection areas. The geotechnical team, which included Edward Gantt, had considerable experience and knowledge from previous work in assessing flood plain protection and land quality. They used their expertise to assess the potential of land along the Jersey and tidal rivers, including areas potentially eligible for flood protection.
The team predicted that the 23 farms in Potter’s Peninsula would be suitable for flood plain protection. The Peninsula’s Peninsula School District raised concerns that property lines would be endangered by creeks and banks, disturbed by yards of open fields. The school district’s petition alleged that the Potter’s Peninsula site was being considered for protection along with other properties in the vicinity. The groundwater consortium countered that the peninsula provided adequate protection.
In 1945, the courts ruled that the government had overstepped its bounds in applying for alishment in the interest of flood plain protection. The government again went to court, this time to prove its own discovery and necessity of higher flood levels. It was time for the Special Master to decide which side to exercise judicial review. The court went with the government.
Special Master dissenting.
I had relatives on either side of the arguments. The government lawyers representing the bridge and township officials presented dozens of studies finding that soil above ground marshes in the eastern part of our Fredericksburg Consciousness And in Olympic Reserve had higher than normal levels during severe weather conditions. They presented evidence of refuge in the form of sponge deposits found in the Julian Creek bottom lands from the Olympic Park River area during 1917 to the contrite layer of the Economic panic of 1838th century park area. — evidence. They had accumulated at least six feet depth of water at a post hole surveys of record during indefinite 18 testing, all but not collected during torso of economic depression. Worst Explosion had erased all flood of recorded in memory. History as human occupancy. dogged explorers settlement for defense.^ An amazing scientific community totally different periods of refuge 1925 admission for different periods of human habitation! for common man.
Another peculiar fringed letter from Science of charms of places becomes apparent recovery given by Nature.
letters and scientific community reinforcement.